Infectious diseases come with extremely tough challenges to mitigate them and then finally get them under control. Bringing any such infectious disease under control involves a lot of decisions and cooperation between various branches of government and the health services.Using the Internet, choose an infectious disease that was prevalent in the United States and had lasting consequences or select a disease from the following:•AIDS/HIV•Cholera•Influenza•Malaria•Tuberculosis•West Nile Fever•Yellow feverBased on your research and understanding, create a 3 to 4-page report in a Microsoft Word document that includes the following:•A brief description of your chosen infectious disease along with your reasons for choosing the disease.•Information on the work conducted by government departments to mitigate the impact of your chosen infectious disease.•Investigations, research studies, and other surveillance data analyses regarding your chosen infectious disease.•Instances of the emergence and re-emergence of your chosen disease.•A brief summary of the government’s findings and investigations about your chosen disease.•Past, current, and ongoing research pertaining to your chosen disease.Support your writing with relevant facts or figures and indicate your current knowledge of the infectious disease.
Infectious diseases have played a significant role in the history of public health, with many diseases causing lasting consequences on individuals and communities worldwide. This report will focus on the infectious disease Tuberculosis, which has had a significant impact on public health in the United States and around the world. The report will summarize the work conducted by government agencies, investigations and research studies, instances of the emergence and re-emergence of Tuberculosis, and past, current, and ongoing research.
Tuberculosis is an airborne infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease primarily affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the spine, kidneys, and brain. TB is transmitted through respiratory droplets when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes. Symptoms of TB can include a persistent cough, fatigue, weight loss, and fever.
Reasons for choosing TB:
TB was selected because it is one of the leading infectious diseases globally, causing significant morbidity and mortality. In 2020, an estimated 10 million people became ill with TB, with about 1.4 million people dying from the disease (World Health Organization, 2021).
Government efforts to mitigate the impact of TB:
There have been significant efforts by government agencies to mitigate the impact of TB. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set a goal of ending the TB epidemic by 2030. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has implemented the National TB Elimination Program (NTEP), which provides funding to states and local health departments to detect and treat TB (CDC, 2021).
Investigations and research studies:
There has been extensive research conducted on TB, with a focus on improving diagnosis, treatment, and prevention strategies. Research studies have focused on developing new diagnostic tools, such as the GeneXpert TB test, which can provide a faster and more accurate diagnosis of TB (World Health Organization, 2021). Clinical trials have also been conducted to evaluate new drugs and treatment regimens for TB.
Instances of emergence and re-emergence:
TB has been a significant public health concern for centuries, with instances of re-emergence occurring throughout history. In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of drug-resistant TB, which has made treatment more challenging (World Health Organization, 2021).
Findings and investigations:
The government’s investigations have shown that TB is a significant public health concern globally, with efforts being made to develop new diagnostic tools and treatment regimens. The WHO has also emphasized the need for increased investment in research to ensure that new tools and treatments can be made available to those who need them (World Health Organization, 2021).
Current and ongoing research:
Current and ongoing research into TB continues to be focused on developing new diagnostic tools and treatment regimens. There is also a need for increased research into the societal factors that contribute to the spread of TB, such as poverty, overcrowding, and poor sanitation.
TB remains a significant public health concern globally, with efforts being made by government agencies and research organizations to improve diagnosis, treatment, and prevention strategies. Continued investment in research is essential to address the challenges posed by this infectious disease.
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