The major categories of legal considerations regarding the use of radiographs in dentistry include:
federal and state regulations regarding x-Ray equipment and use, licensure for individuals exposing radiographs, AND risk management for avoiding potential lawsuits. (ALL THE ABOVE)
The Consumer-Patient Radiation Health and Safety Act is a federal law that:
Requires all persons who take dental radiographs to be properly trained AND certified. (both A and B)
The patient must be provided with which of the following information in order to give informed consent?
Risk and benefits of radiographs and number and type of radiographs, consequences of not having the radiographs, AND name of the person who will expose the radiographs and alternative to radiographs (ALL THE ABOVE)
Radiographs are the property of:
What should the dental assistant do if a patient refuses dental radiographs?
Document in the patients record the fact that he or she refused recommended radiographs AND explain to the patient the importance of radiographs (both A and B)
Quality assurance is a way of ensuring that everything possible is being done to produce high-quality diagnostic radiographs and includes:
Quality administration procedures AND quality control tests (both A and C)
Tubehead oil bath testing is an annual test preformed with dental radiographs machines to identify minor malfunctions. True or False?
The safelight in the darkroom can be tested by:
Using the coin test.
The most critical component in quality control of filming processing is:
Maintaining the freshness of the processing solutions.
Developer strength can be checked by:
Using reference radiographs AND using a stepwedge radiograph (both A and B)
In order for a film to be properly processed, it should be left in a fixer solution, at full strength for how long?
Who is responsible for overall quality assurance in the dental field?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for dental radiography recommend:
Wearing gloves when exposing and handling contaminated radiographs, cleaning and sterilizing film holding devices, AND transporting and handling exposed film in an aseptic manner. (ALL THE ABOVE)
Contaminates film packets should be sterilized either by immersion in a disinfecting solution or by heat prior to processing. True or False?
A panoramic radiographs allows the dentist to:
View the entire dentition and related structures.
Panoramic radiography requires the use of a panoramic x-ray unit and:
Screen-type film, a film cassette, AND intensifying screens. (ALL THE ABOVE)
Which of the following will occur if the patients jaws is not positioned within the focal trough during a panoramic radiograph exposure?
The image will appear blurred or indistinct.
The exposure controls allow the ________ to be adjusted on the panoramic x-ray unit to accommodate patients of different sizes.
Time, kilovoltage setting, AND milliamperagre settings. (ALL THE ABOVE)
A patient wearing earrings or glasses must remove them before a panoramic x-ray exposure; otherwise, a ________ will appear on the film.
Ghost image AND blurred area. (both B and C)
The correct position of the Frankfort plane for a diagnostically correct panoramic radiograph is:
Parallel to the floor.
Anterior teeth that appear fat are caused by:
The patients teeth positioned too far back on bite block.
Advantages of panoramic radiography include which of the following?
The entire maxilla and mandible are seen on one film, it is easy and quick to learn how to exposure a panoramic radiograph, AND patients prefer panoramic radiographs and are exposed to less radiation (ALL THE ABOVE)
Extraoral radiographs may be used to detect caries. True or False?
The most common skull radiographs used in dentistry include which of the following?
Lateral cephalometric projection AND posteroanterior projection. (both A and B)
The term _________ is used to describe the pictures that are produced with digital radiography.
Digital radiography uses ________ to create a digital image.
Intraoral sensor and computer.
An advantage of using digital radiography is that the sensors must be
protected with disposable barriers. True or False?