You must go out into your community to complete the windshield survey! This project cannot be completed by just doing online research. For the paper, make sure interviews are cited as personal communication. (My community location is Dallas, TX, make sure to note this). An example of the paper is attached.
Defining the Community
Your community can be a pediatric, adolescence, young adults, adult, elderly or a combination.
Clearly delineate the following dimensions before starting the process of community assessment:
After the community has been defined, the next phase is assessment. The following items describe several resources and methods that can be used to gather and generate data. These items serve as a starting point for data collection. This is not an all-inclusive list of resources and methods that may be used when a community assessment is conducted.
The time frame for completion of the assessment may influence which methods are used. Nonetheless, these items should be reviewed to determine what information will be useful to collect about the community that is being assessed. It is not necessary to use all of these resources and methods; however, use of a variety of methods is helpful when one is exploring the needs of a community.
Data Gathering (collecting information that already exists)
Demographics of the Community
Information from Government Agencies
Other Data Sources
After data are collected from various sources, it is important to review the information and to identify assets and areas for improvement in the community by comparing local data (if available) versus state and national data. This will facilitate organization of the information that has already been obtained and will provide direction for the next step of the process.
Data Generation (data are developed that do not already exist):
With the use of public transportation or by driving a vehicle around the community, one can observe common characteristics of the community.
Examples of key observations to make when one is assessing the community through a windshield survey include the following:
Spend time observing the population that is being assessed. Through observation of interactions among group members, much can be learned about the community, including the following:
Informants could be people who are familiar with and interact with the population on a regular basis.
Examples of questions that may be asked of key informants include the following:
Focus groups (usually small groups of 6-12 people) can be helpful when one is gathering information about specific areas of concern within the population. Use of a focus group involves open dialogue about the population, whereas an interview or survey yields only individual responses.
Surveys may be used to collect data from the community. Selecting a sample of the target population may prove helpful in the collection of data that are easier to analyze. It is important to ensure that the sample is representative of the target population.
A survey should be developed that takes into consideration the developmental level of the group that is being assessed. Questions should be written at the appropriate developmental level, so they are answered in a way that makes the data useful. Surveys might include closed-ended (yes/no), multiple choice (several responses to choose from), Likert scale (Strongly Agree/Agree/Neutral/Disagree/Strongly Disagree), or open-ended (“why”/“how”) questions.
Topics that may be addressed in a survey include the following:
Level 1 headings are centered and bold. Level 2 headings are bold and at the left margin. The community location is Dallas, Texas (diverse community).
As a medical professor in charge of creating college assignments and answers for medical college students, one important aspect of our curriculum is community assessment. In this assignment, we will be exploring the community of Dallas, Texas, and the various dimensions of population that need to be addressed as part of the community assessment process. We will also look into the different resources and methods that could be used for data collection and generation during the assessment phase.
Defining the Community:
The population being assessed in this community assessment is the diverse population of Dallas, Texas. According to the latest U.S. Census data, the racial makeup of Dallas is 56.6% Hispanic or Latino, 29.8% Black or African American, 10.9% White, and 3.3% Asian. The community of Dallas exists within Dallas County and has no specific boundaries. The general characteristics that separate this group from others include education levels, birth/death rates, age of deaths, insured/uninsured, and geographic location, which is urban. The purpose of this community assessment is to identify assets and areas for improvement in the community’s health and wellbeing, and the information for the community assessment will be collected through different resources and methods.
During the assessment phase, we will be using various resources and methods to gather data about the community of Dallas, Texas. We will start with data gathering, which involves collecting information that already exists. The resources we will use for this include American Fact Finder, State and County Quick Facts, and government agencies like Healthy People 2020, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Federal agencies with statistical programs. We will also obtain information from local and state health departments.
After collecting the data from various sources, we will review the information and identify assets and areas for improvement in the community by comparing local data (if available) versus state and national data. Then we will move on to the data generation phase, where we will develop data that does not already exist. For this, we will use methods such as windshield surveys, participant observation, informant interviews, focus groups, and surveys.
Windshield surveys involve observing the common characteristics of the community by driving around the community or using public transportation. For Dallas, Texas, some key observations to make during the survey include the age of homes, location of parks and other recreational areas, amount of space between homes and businesses, transportation in the community, quality and safety of streets and sidewalks, stores and other businesses, people out in the community, cleanliness of the community, billboards or other media displays, places of worship, and healthcare facilities.
Participant observation involves spending time observing the population being assessed, and much can be learned about the community by observing interactions among group members. Informant interviews involve interviewing people who are familiar with and interact with the population on a regular basis. Focus groups involve open dialogue about the population, whereas an interview or survey yields only individual responses. Surveys may be used to collect data from the community, and topics that may be addressed include demographic information, status of employment, safety within community, safety in the environment, personal safety, stressors/stress management patterns, risky behaviors, support systems, volunteer/community activities, rest patterns, nutrition, dental hygiene, and health promotion activities.
Community assessment is an important part of our medical curriculum, and in this assignment, we have explored the dimensions of population being assessed in the community of Dallas, Texas, and the different resources and methods that could be used for data collection and generation during the assessment phase. By identifying assets and areas for improvement in the community, we can work towards improving the health and wellbeing of the population, making it a better place for people to live in.
#community #complete #windshield